MEDICAL OR MEDICATION ABORTION
A medical or medication abortion uses Mifepristone or Mifeprex or RU-486 to terminate an early pregnancy. This method is used up to 70 days after the first day of the woman’s last menstrual period. The gestational age of the baby must be determined by ultrasound before any of these medications are prescribed. In Oklahoma, only a physician licensed to practice medicine in Oklahoma, can provide Mifepristone.
Most commonly a combination of two pills, Mifepristone and Misoprostol, are given. The pills are taken in two doses. The first pill, Mifepristone, is taken at a doctor’s office or clinic and must be taken in front of the physician. The second pill, Misoprostol, is taken at home within 6 to 48 hours after taking Mifepristone.
Another visit to the doctor's office or clinic is required 11 to 17 days after taking Misoprostol. It is essential that a women return for this visit because the doctor is checking for an incomplete abortion or an ongoing pregnancy. More medication or a surgical procedure may be required to correct either condition. It can take anywhere from a day up to four weeks for the completion of a medical abortion.
RISK AND COMPLICATIONS
There are several risk and complications that can occur during a medical abortion. Some of them are:
Bleeding - Vaginal bleeding can last on average 9 to 16 days. Surgery (D&C) may be required in 1 of 100 women to stop the bleeding. Bleeding is normally heavier than a normal period.
Abdominal Pain and Cramping – Most women feel cramping that is more severe than normal menstrual cramping
Infection – Cases of bacterial infections including very rare cases of septic shock.
Surgical Abortion – A medical abortion can fail requiring a surgical abortion to complete the procedure.
DO YOU KNOW
Eleven weeks after conception, a baby can open their mouth and suck their thumb. They can grasp things, sigh, and stretch to get comfortable. The baby's face, feet, and hands can sense touch.